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In 大辞泉 (via goo here) at the first line I found the phrase

[副助]種々の語に付く。

What is the meaning of 副助? Can not find it..

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  • it means 'adverb', more like 'help adverb'. In this context it means you can use か as a help adverb in counting words Sep 30, 2016 at 11:23

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Dictionaries usually list abbreviations. 副助 stands for 副助詞 "adverbial particle", i.e. [副助] = [adv. part.].

The suffix 詞 is added to all parts of speech and is omitted in the abbreviations. There are also 副詞 "adverb" and 助詞 "particle" which would be abbreviated [副] and [助].

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