In a song called "Tegami" I don't understand 宛てて+書く in
I wonder what's this rule and does this mean address(v) + write (v) or together make new meaning?
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宛てて書く is not an idiomatic/compound verb. It's just two verbs, connected using the te-form.
宛てて is the te-form of the verb 宛てる (to address (a letter)), and this kind of te-form describes how or under what circumstances the second verb (書く) is done. In general, this type of
V1 + て/で + V2 can be translated as "V2 (while) doing V1" or "V2 by doing V1".
- 歩いて学校に行く go to school by walking / go to school on foot
- 包丁を使ってたまねぎを切る cut an onion using a knife
- 未来の自分に宛てて手紙を書く write a letter addressing the future self
- 注意して歩く walk while paying attention / walk with attention
- 遊んで過ごす live an idle life
手紙 - A letter
書く手紙 - To write a letter
宛てて書く手紙 - To address and write a lettter
When you put it together with the rest of the lyrics:
If it's a letter written to myself in the future.... (next lines in the song finish the sentence)
And the verb form is yes, just て-form + the dictionary form, which joins two verbs.