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Did Americans introduce western words for forks, spoons and knives?

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British did.

Perhaps you start to wonder what food did England have to introduce to other countries, but what was actually imported was formal French cuisine with British table manners.

According to this page:

料理は、イギリスでも王室の行事や外交接待で出される料理はやはりフランス料理をベースとしていたので、イギリス経由といっても基本はフランス料理でしたが、ビーフシチューやビーフステーキのように、英語の料理名で日本に定着した洋食も多くあります。

As for dishes, many Western recipes have taken hold in Japan with English names, such as "beef stew" or "beef steak", despite the fact that those via Britain was French in its origin, as meals served at royal ceremonies or diplomatic receptions were likewise based on French cuisine even in Britain.

Note that English names of cutlery are associated with Western foods. For example we have traditional Japanese spoon (匙【さじ】) or Chinese soup spoon (蓮華【れんげ】) that are never called スプーン.

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