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Here is the sentence relating to my question.

「あしたのジョー」以外の作品の多くは "梶原一騎" のペンネームで書かれました。

I have searched and found that 「多く」is adverb or adjective and it should be placed before the particle 「の」. Is the word a kind of noun or particle 「の」can be placed before adjective?

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In this case「多く」is not an adjective or an adverb.
多く is defined as a noun in Japanese dictionaries.

See weblio(大辞林), here: http://www.weblio.jp/content/%E5%A4%9A%E3%81%8F

There are other nouns that follow a similar pattern, like「近く」and「遠く」.

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    More specifically, it's a pronoun (代名詞). English many can also work as an adjective (eg "many people") and as a pronoun (eg "Many of them did", "There were many"). – naruto Jul 5 '16 at 7:05
  • @naruto I'm not sure that it can be a true pronoun. For instance, can you say 「多くはそうとは思いません」? – sazarando Jul 5 '16 at 7:26
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    That sentence means "Many (people) don't think so". – naruto Jul 5 '16 at 10:22
  • その場合は、「多く」って何に取って代わっているでしょうか?そして、英文の"Many of them did"では"them"は代名詞ですが、"many"も代名詞でしょうか? – sazarando Jul 6 '16 at 0:27
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    「幾つか」などでしょうか。まあ、あくまで名詞のカテゴリの1つです。 – naruto Jul 6 '16 at 0:53
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多く is nominalized word formed from the te-stem of the adjective 多い.

  = 多い [adjective] --> 多く [連用形 / te-stem] --> 多く [nominalized form]

So this sentence make sense.

For example, 私の学校の生徒の多くは女性だ(The students in my school are mostly girls).

  • (I'm not perfectly sure on what the masu-stem is as the middle step) [above fixed a bit of English word] – virmaior Jul 5 '16 at 7:01
  • @ virmaior Thank you for correcting. The masu-stem of the adjective 多い are 多く and 多かっ. – Yuuichi Tam Jul 5 '16 at 7:16
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    I think "masu-stem" is a term for 動詞の連用形 because 助動詞「ます」 attaches to it: 話し+ます=話します This term doesn't work very well for 形容詞の連用形 because 助動詞「ます」 doesn't attach to it: 多く+ます=×多くます – snailcar Jul 5 '16 at 7:22
  • @snailplane Yes. I change it as te-term. – Yuuichi Tam Jul 5 '16 at 7:31

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