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Whats the difference between によって and で ?

Example:

台風によって屋根が飛ばされた。 Can I use で in this sentence?-> 台風で屋根が飛ばされた。

Thanks.

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Both are correct and natural-sounding sentences.

The difference is in the formality. 「~~で」 would sound more informal or conversational than 「~~によって」.

For that reason, 「~~によって」 is used far more often in writing than in casual daily conversations.

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