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落雷:雷が落ちること。地表物を一つの電極とした雷雲からの放電現象。[季]夏。

I can't understand the meaning of the bold part.
I looked up 地表物 but could find nothing.

  • 1
    ~物 means ~のもの. If you imagine lightning, you can understand this sentence. – Takahiro Waki Jun 28 '16 at 9:06
3
  • 地表 = the surface of the ground
  • 物 = stuff/objects
  • 地表 + 物 = objects on the surface of the ground
  • 電極 = electrodes

So the whole thing would be something like,

A phenomena of electrical discharge(放電現象)
from a storm cloud(雷雲から)
whereby(とした)
an object on the surface of the ground(地表物)
becomes(とした)
one of the electrodes(一つの電極)

Or...

A phenomenon whereby an object on the surface of the ground becomes one of the electrodes in an electrical discharge from a storm cloud.

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