1

近づける is a transitive verb.

  • X: 僕は子供を池に近づけない。I keep away the children from the pond.

But there is a case in which 近づける is used without an object as the following sentence quoted from another answer.

  • Y: AはBにCに近づいてほしくないと思っている。A wants B to keep away from C.

Questions

When there is no explicit object given for 近づける, do we have to assume the object is actually the same as the subject?

It means Y can be rewritten as

  • Z: AはBにBをCに近づいてほしくないと思っている。A wants B to keep away B from C.
2

近づける is transitive, and its intransitive counterpart is 近づく. The te-form of 近づける is 近づ(-て), while the te-form of 近づく is 近づ(-て).

Sentence Y uses this intransitive version, in its te-form. No wonder it doesn't require a direct object.

Sentence Z hardly makes sense to me, but compare the following two sentences, which are very similar in meaning.

  • Y: AはBにCに近づてほしくないと思っている。 A wants B to keep away from C.
  • Z2: AはBにCを近づてほしくないと思っている。 A wants B to keep C away.

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