On http://jisho.org/word/%E7%82%BA

consequence; result; effect has an example sentence

それは、おまえの声をよく聞くためだよ。(It is in order to hear your voice well.)

On http://tangorin.com/general/%E3%81%9F%E3%82%81

consequence;  result;  effect has an example sentence.

霧のため全列車は運転休止となった。(Railroad service was suspended because of the fog.)

In the former, consequence; result; effect seems to mean in order to or aim. In the latter, consequence; result; effect seems to mean cause or because of.

It seems some translations from japanese to english are confusing.

How should I interpret japanese-english dictionaries in this case?

Edit 1. The second entry on http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/je/46719/meaning/m0u/%E3%81%9F%E3%82%81/ seems more accurate

〔理由,原因〕 because

昨日風邪のため学校を休んだ (I was absent from school yesterday because of a cold.)

  • 1
    I think the ため in それはおまえの声をよく聞くためだよ indicates #2 "sake, purpose, objective, aim"(=目的) rather than #3 "consequence, result, effect"(=理由、原因)... because it can't be rephrased as それはお前の声を聞くからだよ or お前の声を聞くので. (jisho.org の例文、なんか怪しくない~?)
    – Chocolate
    May 14 '16 at 9:29
  • 2
    How should I interpret japanese-english dictionaries in this case? >> You're looking at the same dictionary (edict), but on two different web sites. [By the way, Tangorin's dictionary files have not been updated for about four years.]
    – oals
    May 14 '16 at 9:41
  • @chocolate jisho.orgの例文はたぶん赤ずきんという童話からの文でしょう。
    – oals
    May 14 '16 at 9:47
  • 1
    @oals そうでしょうね。「怪しくない~?」は、その例文が自然でないという意味ではなく、「consequence, result, effect」の例文としてそれを使うところがおかしい、と言いたかったんですね・・
    – Chocolate
    Nov 26 '16 at 12:54

目的(aim)の例文。 姫、あなたのために失われた王冠を取り戻して参りました。

原因(cause;because of)と結果(consequence; result; effect)は反対のように思えますが、yetを日本語に置き換えるときに「もう」なのか「まだ」なのかで正反対に感じられます。



  • 1
    I'm still learning joyo kanji characters. I don't understand this, but I gave you a point for the effort.
    – crocket
    Nov 28 '16 at 10:08

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