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Could you please help me to understand the difference between 負担{ふたん} and ロイヤルティ?

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ロイヤルティ is royalty, the money that must be paid typically to a patent owner, a copyright holder, etc. This is a pure technical term, so see the English Wikipedia article for details.

負担 is much more common, and in financial contexts it refers to a share of money you have to pay (for whatever purpose). 負担 also means workload, (psychological) burden, etc.

  • この橋の建築費用は、国が30%、県が70%を負担した。
  • 税金の負担 tax burden

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