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愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる

My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.

  • 3
    じわじわ来る感じ.......... – user4092 May 4 '16 at 9:03
  • 1
    This isn't really specific to こぼれる; it's the same as the general difference between ~する and ~してくる. – Brandon May 4 '16 at 20:13
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This is a good question. I, a native speaker, have never thought of the difference. haha.

According to here, also Japanese native speakers are confused about this, and I think the "next" answer is answering correctly. ( Although it's very long. ) This is the difference of veeeeryyyyy subtle nuance, though he is quoting the dictionary, 明鏡国語辞典

「増えていく」と「増えてくる」とはどう違いますか。どの場合使ったらいいのか教えていただけますか。

「増える」のような“状況の変化を表す”動詞、他にも「やせる」や「飽きる」がありますが、これらに付いて「~て+くる」「~て+いく」形となった場合には、自然の成り行きによる変化を表すようです。

・…「~て+くる」=「増えてくる」 変化のまさに開始する瞬間を表す表現。

・…「~て+いく」=「増えていく」 開始した変化が、その後もずっと変化し続ける様子ををとらえた表現

ご質問の「増える」の例文を作ってみます。

「彼は最近小説を書くようになって、たばこの本数が増えて―きた/いった」

・小説を書き出してすぐに増え始めたのなら、「~て+きた」

・小説を書き出してからずっと増え続けたのなら、「~て+いった」

Translating the above is a heavy task, though I would like to challenge.

What is the difference between「増えていく」と**「増えてくる」?** And kindly let me know when to use these 2 appropriately.

Such a verb, 「増える」, meaning, increase in English, has the nuance of "change of the situation, condition, etc", and other examples are 「やせる」,「飽きる」,get thinner, get bored, respectively in English, when 「~て+くる」「~て+いく」 is added, the verb would likely to mean the "natural, unintentional, unintended" and "continuous" change of the situation.

The very instant moment of the occurence of change.

The continuous change of the situation that has started just now in the long run.

I am here adding "て+行く” form, although, it is just a complementary, your, 増える only means, "to increase", while "増えてくる″ means the change is going to last after the start of the increase.

Let's take examples.

「水{みず}が1m増えた」

The water has increased by 1m.

「水が1m増えてくる」

( It appears ) The water is increasing ( or going upward ) 1m by 1m.

Good day.

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