I understand forming the past tense like 'I have not been' but I'm unsure as to how to phrase this as it is something that was true but now is not. If that makes sense. It's the 'had' part that's confusing me. If anyone could clear this up I would be very grateful. Thanks.

Edit: my attempt, as I understand past perfect does not exist in Japanese I tried to do something that would be in English (roughly) 'before last year, I have not gone to America'.

Mae ni kyonen watashi wa Amerika ni ikimasen deshita.
まえ に 去年 私は アメリカ に いきませんでした。

However I don't really know if this is correct (and if I'm missing a particle after kyonen?)

  • 1
    Could you have a go at it yourself? Straight translation requests are considered off-topic.
    – Earthliŋ
    Apr 28 '16 at 10:41

I had never been to America before last year.

  • 4
    If you could elaborate a bit if would be appreciated. Apr 28 '16 at 11:37
  • I Just want to say that I have never been to America before last year, but the lack of past perfect confuses me
    – esta
    Apr 28 '16 at 16:02
  • 1
    Why is this answer downvoted?
    – istrasci
    Apr 28 '16 at 17:15
  • 2
    @istrasci I had downvoted it, because it consisted of a wrongly translated example sentence without an explanation. (@ chocolate fixed the translation.) I'll undo my downvote.
    – Earthliŋ
    Apr 28 '16 at 21:18

To elaborate on @zang ming jie's answer, a verb in past tense plus ことがある means "to have experienced doing the verb". So

I have been to America
I have never been to America
I had never been to America

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.