I understand forming the past tense like 'I have not been' but I'm unsure as to how to phrase this as it is something that was true but now is not. If that makes sense. It's the 'had' part that's confusing me. If anyone could clear this up I would be very grateful. Thanks.

Edit: my attempt, as I understand past perfect does not exist in Japanese I tried to do something that would be in English (roughly) 'before last year, I have not gone to America'.

Mae ni kyonen watashi wa Amerika ni ikimasen deshita.
まえ に 去年 私は アメリカ に いきませんでした。

However I don't really know if this is correct (and if I'm missing a particle after kyonen?)

  • 1
    Could you have a go at it yourself? Straight translation requests are considered off-topic.
    – Earthliŋ
    Apr 28, 2016 at 10:41

2 Answers 2


I had never been to America before last year.

  • 4
    If you could elaborate a bit if would be appreciated. Apr 28, 2016 at 11:37
  • I Just want to say that I have never been to America before last year, but the lack of past perfect confuses me
    – esta
    Apr 28, 2016 at 16:02
  • 1
    Why is this answer downvoted?
    – istrasci
    Apr 28, 2016 at 17:15
  • 2
    @istrasci I had downvoted it, because it consisted of a wrongly translated example sentence without an explanation. (@ chocolate fixed the translation.) I'll undo my downvote.
    – Earthliŋ
    Apr 28, 2016 at 21:18

To elaborate on @zang ming jie's answer, a verb in past tense plus ことがある means "to have experienced doing the verb". So

I have been to America
I have never been to America
I had never been to America

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