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自分 can mean myself and yourself but, how do you know when the speaker is referring to him/herself or to you? As in, how could you know when the speaker is saying "myself" instead of "yourself" (to the listener)?

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    For what it's worth, it does sometimes cost me some centiseconds to figure out who is the 自分 that my friends from Osaka utter. Commented Apr 5, 2016 at 3:39
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    Context is key. Commented Apr 5, 2016 at 4:19
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    an affirmative sentence…myself an interrogative sentence…yourself an imperative sentence…yourself narcissist's talk…myself
    – nariuji
    Commented Apr 5, 2016 at 15:35

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You can look at the verb it's used with.

Examples:

自分でやります - I will do it myself

自分でやってください - Please do it yourself

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