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弱い冒険者からは階層主という名恐れられているように、.....

Is で marking the agent of the passive sentence? I thought you had to use に.

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No, this 階層主 is feared by 弱い冒険者, which is marked by から in this sentence. Some verbs can take から instead of に when in passive voice.

  • 私は彼見下された = 私は彼から見下された = I was looked down by him.
  • 上司仕事を任された = 上司から仕事を任された = I was assigned a task by my boss.

(BTW irregular prepositions are also found in English passive sentences, for example "I was surprised at ...", "He was known to ...")


And this で is not directly related to passive voice, but is a particle which corresponds to "under" in "under the name of 階層主."

弱い冒険者からは階層主という名で恐れられているように、...
= 弱い冒険者は階層主という名で恐れられているように、...
= As he is feared by low-rank adventurers under the name of 階層主, ...

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