The full sentence:

「thing Fujiki said」
Fujiki said with surprise ...

How does this differ from just saying


Is したように necessary, and if so, why, and what extra is it adding?

Note, I'm happy with how the するように construct works normally. I'm just asking about whether it might be redundant in this sentence since ハッと is already an adverb.



If this sentence meant anything, it would be none other than:

"Fujiki said 「ハッ」."

In other words, to native speakers,


「ハッと」 surely functions adverbially, but it can only modify selected verbs such as する、[驚]{おどろ}く、[気]{き}づく, etc. 「[言]{い}う」 is not one of those verbs.

I assure you that there is no redundancy whatsoever in the sentence:


Perhaps, you would need to treat 「ハッとする」 like one word here.


藤木がハッと言った is translated as Fujiki said "ハッ".

ハッとする means "get startled" and ように is a 連用形 of verbal auxiliary ようだ which means "comparison", so ハッとしたように is translated as "like one is startled".

藤木がハッとしたように言った is translated as "Fujiki said like he was startled"

  • I think "spoke" would be better that "said" in this context. Or, "Fujiki said [it] in a startled manner" – A.Ellett Feb 21 '16 at 19:13

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.