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What's the difference between these words? I read a lot of explanations in various books but they aren't clear for me. It says that depending on the object distance, the first, second or third needs to be used. But what does this "distance" mean? I cannot understand when I need to use them.

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    This page may help you understand. It depends on Psychological distance which of three you use.
    – Toshihiko
    Feb 4, 2016 at 10:45
  • Only one question... If and speaker, and listener know this field then I need to use これ? Feb 4, 2016 at 10:50
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    When the speaker is nearer to the thing than the listener, or when the speaker is as near as the listener, これ is used. When the listener is nearer than the speaker, or when only the listener is having experience of the thing, それ is used. Neither is near, あれ is used. I'm thinking about well explanation with enough examples later.
    – Toshihiko
    Feb 4, 2016 at 11:44
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    "あれ" can also be used in the sense of "huh?" like when you are surprised by something.
    – Locksleyu
    Feb 4, 2016 at 14:12

1 Answer 1

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When the speaker is nearer to the thing than the listener, or when the speaker is as near as the listener, これ is used.
When the listener is nearer than the speaker, or when only the listener is having experience of the thing, それ is used.
Neither is near, あれ is used.

Even if both the speaker and the listener are near to the thing, the speaker can't use これ when the thing is the listener's.
However, if you are using or borrowing the listener's item, you use これ, like この車いいですね.
It means that the speaker should use それ when only the listener is using or borrowing the speaker's item and the speaker is just looking at the listener.

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