10

In sentences like here. What does it mean? Which of the dictionary meanings of 久しい do I apply here?

  1. 幽谷先生が感歎これを久しゅうしたのも無理ではない。

  2. と、私は慨嘆これを久しゅうしたことであった。

etc. (there are many more in the link)

5

In this case,

「[久]{ひさ}しい」=「[長]{なが}い」 (temporal > spatial)

「Noun + これ + (を) + 久しゅうする」 means:

"to do (noun) for a long time"

In real life, however, we mostly use this phrase with a limited number of nouns whose meanings are related to "exclamation" such as 「[感嘆]{かんたん}」、「[慨嘆]{がいたん}」、「[三嘆]{さんたん}」, etc. This is elegant speech, if you are wondering.

= "to be amazed for a long time"

Regarding the 「しゅう」 part, you will hear 「よろしゅう」 to mean 「よろしく」 at least in Kansai if not in Kanto. It is a remnant of Classical Japanese.

2

感歎これを久しゅうした = 感歎(wonderment but 感嘆 is common) + これ(感歎のこと)を + 久しゅう(久しく is the 連用形 of adjective 久しい which means "for a long time" and 久しゅう is a dialect of 久しく) + した

It means I felt admiration for a long time. However this sentence was used at a long time ago, it is rarely used now.

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