Can someone please help me to understand these sentences from the Tobira textbook?


I am confused about this sentence どの祭りもすごいスケール!. I've never really understood how どの is used outside of a question, so I'm not sure what it means here. I think it might mean something like, each of (the three) festivals is very large?

How specifically are どの and も functioning in this sentence?

  • どの and も give the sense of "whichever". So, "whichever festival, it's on a grand scale." – A.Ellett Jan 31 '16 at 17:20

「どの」=「いずれの」 = "each and every (one of the items mentioned)"

「どの + Noun + も + Verb or Adjective Phrase」 =

"Every (noun) [that have been mentioned] is/does ~~~."

This 「も」 does not mean "also". It expresses the complete kind of affirmation or negation. In other words, it is saying that there is no exception (to what one is saying).

「どの[祭]{まつ}りもすごいスケール!」 = "Each festival is of an awesome scale!"

  • 'Each and every' is a highly emphatic phrase in English. Does どのXも carry the same weight in Japanese? – user3856370 Jan 31 '16 at 16:12

どの+noun+も+positive predicate = every noun ...
どの+noun+も+negative predicate = no noun ...

So in this case:

Every/each festival is of a grand scale.

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