Can someone please help me to understand these sentences from the Tobira textbook?


I am confused about this sentence どの祭りもすごいスケール!. I've never really understood how どの is used outside of a question, so I'm not sure what it means here. I think it might mean something like, each of (the three) festivals is very large?

How specifically are どの and も functioning in this sentence?

  • どの and も give the sense of "whichever". So, "whichever festival, it's on a grand scale."
    – A.Ellett
    Jan 31, 2016 at 17:20

2 Answers 2


「どの」=「いずれの」 = "each and every (one of the items mentioned)"

「どの + Noun + も + Verb or Adjective Phrase」 =

"Every (noun) [that have been mentioned] is/does ~~~."

This 「も」 does not mean "also". It expresses the complete kind of affirmation or negation. In other words, it is saying that there is no exception (to what one is saying).

「どの[祭]{まつ}りもすごいスケール!」 = "Each festival is of an awesome scale!"

  • 'Each and every' is a highly emphatic phrase in English. Does どのXも carry the same weight in Japanese? Jan 31, 2016 at 16:12

どの+noun+も+positive predicate = every noun ...
どの+noun+も+negative predicate = no noun ...

So in this case:

Every/each festival is of a grand scale.

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