3

山 を こえ、 たに を こえ、 うみ に でる と、 おに の ふね が ありました

It translates as

They went over the mountains, and over the valleys
And came out to the sea, and there was a devil boat

Why is it "koe" means "went over"?

8

こえ is a conjunctive form of the verb 越える{こえる} meaning roughly "to go past", "to go beyond", like 山を越える.

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