A book I've read states that けど is a 接続詞 (conjunction).

However, another book I had read states that it is a 助詞 (particle).

Who is right?

  • けど is a particle or adverb semantically bridges clauses. I'm not sure what OP expects from the question, especially in what difference would be made whether けど were a "conjunction" or a "particle". Dec 21, 2014 at 8:25
  • @broccoliforest, A terminology question. Is けど a 接続詞 or 助詞?
    – Pacerier
    Dec 21, 2014 at 15:45
  • 1
    Thank you for your response. Actually, being 接続詞 and 助詞 are not mutually exclusive in Japanese. I've found a perfect explanation in Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… Since morphology is overwhelming in Japanese, every word must declare its role morphologically. So asking about a word "conjunction" or "particle" is like asking an Asian American man whether he is "Asian" or "American". Dec 21, 2014 at 16:27
  • 1
    Dictionaries list けど as both a 接続助詞 and as a 接続詞, depending on whether it's following a clause or beginning a sentence. Some list it as a 終助詞 as well.
    – user1478
    Dec 21, 2014 at 18:18
  • 1
    I looked up in dictionaries, and see they treat けど, でも, しかも etc. as 接続詞. It somehow seems like they think all words used between two sentences are 接続詞. In fact these words behave like however in "That is, however, a misunderstanding." In this sense, が and だが are only examples I find to be counterpart of English conjunction. Mmm, I really should have a grammar book in my house. Dec 22, 2014 at 15:25

1 Answer 1


けど is a conjunction.It is not a particle. In conjunction with… …と関連[接続]して; …と合同[連絡]して, …とともに. and けど is also 接助・終助.

adverbial particles 副詞的小詞 《on, in, out, over, off など》.

  • 5
    @Pacerier If it attaches to a noun, then it is a particle; if it attaches to a clause, then it is a conjunction.
    – user458
    Aug 25, 2011 at 10:06
  • @sawa not necessarily true. What about sentence ending particles? Sep 21, 2012 at 12:56

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .