8

I want to say

One of ten people in the world suffers mental disorder.

My attempt but incomplete is as follows,

世界のなかに「。。。。」が精神障害に苦しんでいます。

How to say "One of ten people" in Japanese?

15

You can say

[10人]{じゅうにん}に[1人]{ひとり}

(「X人にY人」= "Y out of X people" / "Y in every X people")

so

One of ten people in the world suffers mental disorder.

would be like

世界では10人に1人が精神障害に苦しんでいます。or
世界の10人に1人が精神障害に苦しんでいます。


You could also use

10人[中]{ちゅう}1人
10人のうち1人

(「X人中Y人」/「X人のうちY人」 = "Y of X people")

as in

世界では10人中1人が精神障害に苦しんでいます。or
世界では10人のうち1人が精神障害に苦しんでいます。

  • 1
    Sorry, how to say "9 of your friends are just fine"? – The Inventor of God Sep 30 '15 at 0:10
  • 1
    友達のなかでは九人が大丈夫です。Should do it for Japanese to understand, yet am not sure if it's 100% the way it would be said by a native speaker. – user11327 Sep 30 '15 at 1:53
  • If you want to say that 9 of the friends are fine but also imply that the others aren't, you could use 友達のなかの九人は大丈夫ですが... – heuristicus Sep 30 '15 at 6:19
  • 1
    It literally would be like 「友達のうち9人」 but I think you'd normally say 「9人友達」 or 「友達9人」(+ 「は/が元気です」,「は/が大丈夫です」, etc. depending on the context). For this, you don't use に since 「X人にY人」 means "Y in every X people". – Chocolate Sep 30 '15 at 7:22

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