9

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example:

1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school.

I've been kind of confused by it since from my experience normally the dictionary form of verbs are followed by a nominalizer の or こと before a particle. For example:

2.)まだ学校へ行くのは早い時間です。

3.)まだ学校へ行くのに早い時間です。

What is the general function of に directly following the dictionary form of a verb and how is it generally used? How would sentence 1's meaning differ from sentences 2 and 3?

  • 3
    Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/q/5069/7810, japanese.stackexchange.com/q/13057/7810, japanese.stackexchange.com/q/24326/7810 And I'm surprised I couldn't find a 100% duplicate of this question on this site... – broccoli forest Sep 9 '15 at 6:33
  • 「まだ学校へ行くのは早い時間です。」は、文法的にちょっと怪しいような・・・ – Chocolate Sep 9 '15 at 6:42
  • @broccoliforest Thanks for sharing the links, I did a bit of a search too expecting to find someone asking the exact same thing. – mattb Sep 9 '15 at 16:48
  • @choco I thought the grammar was a little unusual too, this sentence was actually from the core6k sentences from this company iknow.jp I believe they were formerly known as smart.fm. EDIT: Nevermind I had actually misread your response, the sentence 「まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です」 was from iknow.jp。 「まだ学校へ行くのは早い時間です。」 was what I came up with to try and figure out the difference in nuances. – mattb Sep 9 '15 at 16:48
5

Here, には means "in order to" or "for the purpose of". In sentences that use this expression, the predicate often expresses the necessity for or importance of using a specific means. You can use the nominalizer の if you choose to, and it won't change the meaning: まだ学校へ行くのには早い時間です。

This には can also come after a noun, as in このかばんは長旅には便利だ (This bag is suitable for long trips).

There are many other expressions involving に that can attach to verbs (or i-adjectives and other interesting things) including:

にしては

にちがいない

に当たって

にもかかわらず

に従って

に過ぎない

につれて

Source: A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.