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I saw a usage that defied my understanding of なり:

ことねは彼が話すサッカーの話をわからないなりに相槌を打ちながら聞いていた。

As far as the definitions given here: なり, I don't think any of them are a perfect fit. Is there another meaning to なりに when used in a context like this? I would guess "although", but if it's that, what's the nuance?

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You are looking up the wrong word -- the particle 「なり」. The 「なり」 in question is a noun.

These need to be treated as two completely different words.

『Phrase A + なり + に + Phrase B』

= "Performing B in the restricted or predetermined conditions of A"

Grammar Point:

Phrase A must end in a noun or the [連体形]{れんたいけい} (attributive form) of a word that inflects. No exceptions.

「わからない」 is in the 連体形, so it works.

Restricted conditions: Kotone does not really understand the soccer stuff that he talks about.

Despite that, she was listening to him (attentively), chiming in every now and then.

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