Here is the sentence I have seen them from a boxing Manga.

ひじを左{ひだり}わきからはなさない心{こころ}がまえで..... やや内{ない}角{かく}をねらい


Especially 「べし」, I don't know the purpose to use it in the context.

Another question: As my understanding to the content, am I correctly translating?

Translation: From the left armpit, keep the elbow close to the front of the chest and aim to the inside corner (of the opponent) then move forward (to him) to punch/hit.

  • 1
    えぐりこむ sounds somewhat weird to me. It's just like saying "gouge in" if put literally. Aug 28, 2015 at 12:46

1 Answer 1


えぐり is the 連用形 (continuative form) of えぐる, which means "to hollow out", "to gouge"

えぐり + 込む is a 複合動詞 (compound verb). The second verb (後項動詞) in a compound usually loses its original meaning. A small list of such verbs can be found in this fluentu article.

込む alone can be translated as "to be crowded", whereas this meaning is lost here and it's more something like "to do something completely", "to do something extremely". A great website for understanding those verbs is http://vvlexicon.ninjal.ac.jp/db/, where you can click on "Search by V2" and search for 込む. There you will get plenty of different examples with verb compounds using 込む, covering all the different nuances that 込む might have.

べし is the same as べき, which means "to be supposed to do", "to should do something" in this case.

~ようにして打つべし becomes "you are supposed to hit as if you were hollowing out something completely"

  • 3
    I think to be precise we should probably distinguish 助動詞 (e.g. 行きます or 行かない or 打つべし) from 補助動詞 (e.g. ~てしまう or ~ている) from V2 verbs that form 複合動詞 (e.g. 飲み込む or 食べ終わる). Unfortunately I don't know a short way to say that last one―in English or in Japanese!
    – user1478
    Aug 29, 2015 at 11:30
  • According to wikipedia, it is called 後項動詞. Similarily, you can call the first part 前項動詞 or 連用形. Aug 30, 2015 at 13:07
  • 2
    I think the nuance of 込む in えぐり込む is more like "inward/inside", which is found in 差し込む, 押し込む, 飛び込む, 詰め込む etc. Whereas 込む as "completely" is found in 作り込む, 寝込む, やりこむ, etc. Some verbs (e.g., 読み込む, 走り込む) are used in both ways.
    – naruto
    Aug 31, 2015 at 22:12

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