In the following sentence:


I don't know whether to interpret に as to or by. So if I start with one fish then:

The number of fish increased to three (there are now three fish), or

The number of fish increased by three (there are now four fish)

Which is the correct translation and how would I modify the sentence to make it have the other meaning? Thanks.

1 Answer 1


It is the total number. I.e. now there are 3 fish.

To get the other meaning, you can say 魚が三匹増えた。

  • Thank you. That's what I was thinking was correct, but I wasn't positive.
    – istrasci
    Aug 6, 2015 at 21:17

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