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Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is

This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week.

My attempt is as follows,

今週{こんしゅう}の金曜日{きんようび}の前{まえ}にこの教{きょう}科{か}書{しょ}が終{お}わられてしまうようです。

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How about:

今週の金曜(日)までに、この教科書は終わりそうです。or 終わってしまいそうです。

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終わる is an intransitive verb. You can simply say

今週の金曜日の前に、この教科書は終わるようです。

In this case, the passive form doesn't sound natural.

Things without feelings couldn't be a subject in a passive sentence in old Japanese. After a lot of books in European languages were translated into Japanese, people started to use 'things without soul' as a subject in a passive sentence. The usage, however, is still fairly limited.

  • 降る is an intransitive verb but we can say 僕は雨に降られた. I quoted it from a book titled A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar which is written by Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui. – Friendly Ghost Aug 3 '15 at 8:00
  • "終わる is an intransitive verb" >> Yeah, but you know what? 終わる can be transitive, too! eg これで会議を終わります。 – Chocolate Aug 3 '15 at 8:00
  • @FriendlyGhost The passive form in 僕は雨に降られた is a so-called "迷惑の受身". 僕 is complaining about the rain. – Hideki Aug 3 '15 at 8:27
  • @choco I know. You cannot say これで会議は終わられます, though. See my edit in the original answer. – Hideki Aug 3 '15 at 9:20
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I'm not sure with my answer but as far as I know, -てしまう is only been use for unintentional action. maybe you can drop that part nad make it like this 今週の金曜日にはこの教科書を終わったようんだ but I am not sure with my answer

  • ~てしまう can also be used to convey a meaning of "~ has been done completely". – Friendly Ghost Aug 3 '15 at 7:26
  • What is ようんだ? A typo for ようだ? – Chocolate Aug 3 '15 at 8:03
  • 。。。。。。。。。ようなんだ? – Friendly Ghost Aug 3 '15 at 8:06

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