To the questioner, with my today ( Aug 3 )'s comment, I made a HUGE MISTAKE which could not only perplex you but in resulting to tell you a COMPLETE LIE..
Kindly endure to read the full sentence, I am CERTAIN you can have at least some clear image about the ( Japanese passive voice ).
Now, I am afraid I am not so sure how you made such a conclusion like this.
From previous questions I've come to understand that Japanese favours a first person subject.
But I can not "despise" you.
Granted, let us look at an example at another thread.
But thorough the discourse with you, I think I have figured it out
Mr. l'électeur answers,
= "Question A was answered by me and Question B, by Masako."
With the comment about 10 hours ago, I said in this passive voice ( I am sorry not passive --"mode"-- but the passive --"voice"--), the eventual, the actual, the de facto subjects are Aの質問は or either, Bの質問は. But that was a HUGE MISTAKE TO LEAD YOU TO THE COMPLETE MISUNDERSTANDINGS with an apology.
They are, instead, the direct --"object"-- ( not the "subject" with sorry ). The reason will be developed hereunder so kindly take a look with thank you in advance.
As I quoted as below, the Wiki's explanation,
The Japanese passive voice uses the auxiliary 「れる」「られる」（ in literary style 「る」,「らる」 ) to express the passive voice. Note there is a direct passive voice, which is equivalent to the English passive and another, an indirect passive voice which does not exist in English..
I think the above example falls into the direct voice. The reason is below.
From the very same source
The indirect voice, which takes the form to express an influence ( ---"generally unfavorable influence"--- ) onto the subject, and the subject is generally human beings.
In the above example, anything bad ( unfavorable ) is occurring??.
No. So I took this sentence as the direct passive voice.
Granted, for the further development of the reason why I thought the bove example as the direct passive voice, let us take a look at the different ( but from the same source ) explanation.
In the ( Japanese ) direct passive voice, it takes either the direct --object-- or the indirect --object-- as a --subject-- in the active voice.
And I think the above example is taking the --indirect object--.
Now let's take a look at the definition of the "indirect object"
The above link is describing the object in general in a speech.
And it says,
The object can be categorized into 2 categories. The one is the direct object, which denotes substances or phenomenons influenced directly by the action of the subject ( mainly in linguistics the accusative case, in Japanese it follows frequently the postpositional particle 「を」 ) and the other is the indirect object which denotes the indirect influence by the action of the subject. ( in linguistics the dative case, in Japanese generally it follows the postpositional particle 「に」 )
Thus by the above reasons I concluded the above example is the direct passive voice because, ----the defacto, the actual "subject" is 「私に」,
「マサコさんに」---- I think here is very important and the reason why I thought these 2 are the de facto subject is as the following ( as I said below. )
From the [below source]
In the Japanese direct passive voice, in order to express the de facto subject which causes the action, the postpositional particle 「に」is generally used. The one of the exception is, the phrase 「によって」is used particularly in order to express the properties, characteristics of things. And the other exception, which follows the postposititional particle 「から」 which is used when denoting the "change" or the "movement" by the subject to the others.
From the above reason I concluded the actual subjects are 「私に」,「マサコさんに」.
WHY IS THE JAPANESE PASSIVE VOICE SO COMPLICATED??
I think the reason is below ( mentioned in the below original. )
The origin of Japanese passive voice.
The Japanese auxiliary 「（ら）れる」, in its origin functioned to have denoted the active voice, which denotes the unintentional movement by the subject to the event in the speech. It should be mentioned sometimes it is hard to distinguish if the passive mode denotes either the passive or active. The above limitation of the passive mode and the characteristic of the indirect passive mode are thought to have come from this origin.
NOW LET'S TRY TO "CONVERT" THE ABOVE EXAMPLE TO THE ACTIVE VOICE.
---> converted to the active voice
I answered the question A, and Masako-san answered the question B.
Is the idea getting clearer now?? ( I hope -:) )
In the Japanese ( direct ) passive mode, taking the above example, the both actual, "authentic" subject 「私に」, 「マサコさんに」 can be converted to the subjects in the active voice.
I think I myself got the idea. ( I don't know I could convey my intention to you. ) The Japanese direct passive voice, which does exist in English too will be applied to the above sample.
Now here is my assumption why the Japanese passive voice is so difficult.
I think the reason is perhaps, this kind of passive voice is made in order to evade denouncing the subject directly ( in my opinion ) or by the reason mentioned below
From the same below source says,
( The objective or the purpose of the passive mode are these ( another purposes are abbreviated on purpose by me due to the reason they are explaining the purpose of the passive voice in another languages. ) --> 3. It is made in order to emphasize the "uncontrollable" event by the subject. --- In Japanese this purpose is quite critical ---
I hope you can understand. Have a nice day.
I happened to have found an easy source. ( Wikipedia )
( However the below explanation will be difficult to you with sorry. However, if an answerer is asked WHY? I have to go into the grammar
because otherwise I can not provide you with the logical explanation ( If you would like to run over easily, then please express it in the question ))
The Japanese passive mode uses the auxiliary 「れる」「られる」（ in literary style 「る」,「らる」 ) to express the passive mode. Note there is a direct passive mode, which is equivalent to the English passive and another, an indirect passive mode which does not exist in English..
Now kindly be noted, from the very same source
The Japanese direct passive mode has its own limitation for the usage unlike that of English. The actual subject is generally human beings ( ( or something that has an emotional heart ), thus the above mentioned example
「この会社は1976年に設立された」 ( This company was founded in 1976. )
which takes things as the de facto subject, appeared only after Meiji era generally for the translation's technique sake.
Now here, I can not decide which one ( the direct passive or the indirect passive ) your speech will fall into.
The origin of Japanese passive mode.
The Japanese auxiliary 「（ら）れる」, in its origin functioned to have denoted the active. mode, which denotes the unintentional movement by the person concerned with the event in the speech. It should be mentioned sometimes it is hard to distinguish if the passive mode denotes either the passive or active. The above limitation of the passive mode and the characteristic of the indirect passive mode are thought to have come from this origin.
If you do not care, it is O.K. But I am a type of a guy who can not provide an answer with the evidence.
Granted, I hypothetically take your speech as the direct passive mode, per the comment line's adviser's recommendation, which exists too in English.
This speech, per the explanation above,
The actual subject is generally --->human beings<----, thus the above mentioned example
So let's try to swap the 飲み物 by 女 ( a woman ( Although this is not a good example. ))
which makes sense, meaning ( The woman was bought. ( Please guess what it
means, I can not articulate openly here )). And please note by swapping it by human beings, the woman becomes a -- subject--
Then granted, your last speech
should have used the human beings instead, logically thinking, despite the existence of exceptions.
Now, What is the difference from てある form from the passive mode??
Kindly take a look at this site.
Let's learn at least this.
1 「Vてあります」 ( generally 「Vてある」) denotes result of the change of the N by the intentional action V ( by the subject.))
Your first speech indicates the condition as a result of your intentional action (V), while regarding the passive mode, I can not say so much due to the above reason ( about the explanation of the passive mode. ( as
l'électeur says, it sounds unnatural to the native speakers. ))
Have a nice day.