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Why "え" is used here? What does it mean?

  • 1
    I think it means the same as 手ふった. Not sure if it is dialectal or colloquial.
    – Yang Muye
    Jul 10, 2015 at 17:11
  • 1
    FYI, it looks to me like the え is a small ぇ. I find that the use of small vowels is a common way of "transcribing" the speech of people who drag out their vowels.
    – senshin
    Jul 10, 2015 at 17:29
  • @senshin, oh, now I see it too. But in this case no particles are used at all...
    – aush
    Jul 10, 2015 at 17:45
  • <in this case no particles are used at all> Exactly.
    – eltonjohn
    Jul 11, 2015 at 1:50

1 Answer 1


The small in 手ぇふった is a way of indicating in writing the compensatory lengthening of the vowel in a single-mora word that sometimes occurs when the following case particle is omitted in familiar speech. This is described in The Phonology of Japanese (Labrune 2012) in section 2.7.5, 'Prosodic Lengthening'.

So as Yang Muye says, it means 手をふった.

  • So it's not dialectal? Because I read somewhere that it was. But in my opinion it seems fairly common.
    – Yang Muye
    Jul 11, 2015 at 4:16
  • 4
    @YangMuye I don't think it's dialect. We pronounce it as [てぇふった]{LLHHL} in Kansai area, and I think it's pronounced like [てぇふった]{HHLLH} in Kanto area.
    – chocolate
    Jul 11, 2015 at 5:28

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