3

I understand this sentence, but I cannot explain to myself why I don't need any particle for "私一人". What part of speech is it?

3

Let's minimize the example.

  • そこには私一人しかいなかった。
  • そこには私しかいなかった。
  • 私しかいなかった。
  • 私しかいない。

Here しか is actually a particle, i.e. a binding particle (係助詞 kakari-joshi) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_particles

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