3

初めは番組を編成する際の穴埋めとして放映されていたのだが、番組の数が増え,年月を経るうちに、子どもたちにとって生まれたときから存在しているアニメは、今やなくてはならない娯楽となっている.

My attempt to translate that would be something like

In the beginning, when broadcasts were created by filling the gap (???) were televised but, as they grew in numbers and time past, the anime that existed since when we were born as kids, they became a must amusement.

which is incomprehensible for me. The key seems to be the clauses in the title but I figured out midways that the translation of the last part with kids being raised with animes e.t.c. doesn't really make sense too.

5

You can parse it like this:

初めは[{(番組を編成する際の)穴埋め}として]放映されていたのだが、

番組を編成する際の modifies 穴埋め, "fillers (between programs) used when editing TV programs / planning program schedule." So I think it's like "In the beginning, anime were broadcasted as fillers inserted when organising TV programmes, but..."

番組の数が増え、年月を経るうちに、

as they(=TV programs) grew in numbers and time passed,

子どもたちにとって(、)[生まれたときから存在している]アニメは、

The relative clause 生まれたときから存在している modifies アニメ. The subject for 生まれた is 子どもたち. Edit: I think it'd be more natural to think the 子どもたちにとって modifies (アニメは)なくてはならない娯楽となっている.
"for children, anime, which have existed ever since they were born,"

今やなくてはならない娯楽となっている.

... have become an indispensable entertainment by now.

(Sorry I can't translate it into natural English, but hopefully this might be of some help.)

| improve this answer | |
  • Yes, that makes perfect sense thank you very much! – Kaizokugari Jun 25 '15 at 18:16
  • Sorry, second thought. 「子どもたちにとって」の修飾する場所が違ったと思うので、編集しました。 – Chocolate Jun 25 '15 at 22:23
  • @Choko: How about "when organising TV programmes" for 番組を編成する際の, and "an indispensable entertainment" for なくてはならない娯楽? – eltonjohn Jun 26 '15 at 10:38
  • @eltonjohn Thanks, let me incorporate your suggestions in my post if you don't mind. – Chocolate Jun 26 '15 at 14:01
  • @Choko: I don't mind at all. Go ahead if you please. – eltonjohn Jun 26 '15 at 14:06

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