I am interested to decompose どうかなさいましたか into its atomic words. My attempt is as follows, is it correct?

  • どうか
  • なさいました

I don't know the dictionary form of なさいました. I totally get confused. How to parse どうかなさいましたか and what does it mean in English?


なさいました is the past tense form of なさいます, なさいます is the polite form of なさる, and なさる is an honorific form of する, "do", so なさいました means しました. どうかなさいましたか is the honorific way of saying どうかしましたか? "What happened?" "What's the matter?"

  • なさいます is the polite form of なさる rather than なさう? Jun 14 '15 at 5:14
  • 3
    なさう・・・? I don't think we have a verb なさう... なさいました was etymologically なさりました, and イ音便 occurred (I think)
    – Chocolate
    Jun 14 '15 at 5:17
  • すう becomes すいます, 買う becomes かいます. So it should follow the same pattern I think. Jun 14 '15 at 5:19
  • Yeah, but およぐ becomes およいだ, not およぎた, right? It's イ音便.
    – Chocolate
    Jun 14 '15 at 5:27
  • 3
    Does this page help? "「なさる」「くださる」「おっしゃる」「いらっしゃる」の連用形に助動詞「ます」が続くときはイ音便化して「なさい(ます)」「ください(ます)」「おっしゃい(ます)」「いらっしゃい(ます)」となることが多い。" (When the auxiliary ます follows なさる, くださる, おっしゃる, いらっしゃる, they often change to なさい(ます), ください(ます), おっしゃい(ます), いらっしゃい(ます).)
    – Chocolate
    Jun 14 '15 at 5:40

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