A while ago, I discovered that あたし has a more-formal variant: あたくし

This is obviously very similar to the relationship between わたし and わたくし. However, there are a couple of details that I'm not too sure about:

1. How common is it?

あたくし doesn't seem to be used as much as other personal pronouns; I could only find two examples of it being used on JLU SE, neither of them related to this question. It's also mentioned on this page and on Japanese Wiktionary, though it's currently absent from the English version.

2. How formal is it?

My understanding is that あたし is less formal than わたし, which in turn is less formal than わたくし. Given that あたくし is more formal than あたし, and (I assume) less formal than わたくし, how does it compare with わたし?

Note: It seems that わたし, わたくし, あたし, and あたくし are all represented by 私 in kanji form, so this question uses hiragana to avoid confusion.

  • 4
    Bizarre coincidence: Someone else asked a similar question whilst I was typing this one up, though I'm not 100% sure that they could be considered duplicates. – GoBusto May 13 '15 at 22:04
  • Should I manually move my answer to this one? Or is there a way to automatically merge two questions? – naruto May 13 '15 at 22:20
  • 2
    @naruto I merged the questions, which moved your answer over here. Feel free to edit it as you see fit :-) – snailplane May 13 '15 at 22:30

Wikipedia says:


In my opinion あたくし (not わたくし) is typically used by Kantō, classy, pompous, elder, female celebrities, mainly in fiction. Or by someone who impersonates such a person.

I confirmed that 黒柳徹子 uses あたくし in her TV show 徹子の部屋 (video). Someone says that she is the only person who regularly uses あたくし on TV (I don't know if it's true).

Other than this, I might have heard this actually used once or twice in real life (in a party or something like that), but my memory is vague.

Regarding the formality, it cannot be used in business/formal writings, where we have to almost always stick to 私 anyway. But I also feel that 黒柳徹子 may well give a formal speech using あたくし. I guess most people won't regard あたくし as impolite, because it sounds similarly enough to わたくし. It will sound just funny, if used by a wrong person, for example, me.

  • Female celebrities? 99% of 落語家 are male. – l'électeur May 13 '15 at 23:04
  • 4
    I quoted Wikipedia, and then added "my" opinion, and what's the problem there? Personally I really don't know how many 落語家 use あたくし instead of あたし/わたし. Do you know that? – naruto May 13 '15 at 23:11
  • I've come across a few older-than-middle-agers in Tokyo that call themselves あたし but I'm not sure if they use あたくし too. – broken laptop May 14 '15 at 2:28

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