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こんにちは!

I was wondering how exactly particles are mentally translated on an expert/native level. When one hears the particle do they quickly associate it with the preceding term, or by that time has it become natural to a point to immediately understand what one is saying? I'd also like to know if there are there any tips for translating sentences without getting overwhelmed by things like particles.

よろしくおねがいします!

  • While I'm not a native and can't really answer the question, I imagine they're perceived much like prepositions in English. "Meet me in the kitchen at ten o'clock for dinner." When you acquire a language, the brain just kind of does the work for you. – Eric May 3 '15 at 23:45
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    For a native monolingual speaker of Japanese, what would it even mean to "mentally translate" particles? Translate to what? – senshin May 4 '15 at 0:46
  • @senshin I mean translate to something you understand, to mentally identify what the person is talking about. – Colbi May 4 '15 at 1:06
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    For me as a fluent nonnative speaker, none of this ever goes through my mind. I simply hear a sentence and understand the meaning, and the intermediate steps are so instantaneous that I have no conscious awareness of the process. – Sjiveru May 4 '15 at 1:49
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    @Colbi Think about a language you're a native speaker of. Can you describe how you translate a sequence of words into meaning? For a native speaker, it just happens. (This is part of why natural language processing is an area of major research - if we could just introspect our own understanding of language and describe how we convert words to meaning, NLP sure would be easy!) – senshin May 4 '15 at 16:28

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