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こんにちは!

I was wondering how exactly particles are mentally translated on an expert/native level. When one hears the particle do they quickly associate it with the preceding term, or by that time has it become natural to a point to immediately understand what one is saying? I'd also like to know if there are there any tips for translating sentences without getting overwhelmed by things like particles.

よろしくおねがいします!

closed as too broad by Flaw, Dono, Earthliŋ, Darius Jahandarie, virmaior May 5 '15 at 6:08

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  • While I'm not a native and can't really answer the question, I imagine they're perceived much like prepositions in English. "Meet me in the kitchen at ten o'clock for dinner." When you acquire a language, the brain just kind of does the work for you. – Eric May 3 '15 at 23:45
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    For a native monolingual speaker of Japanese, what would it even mean to "mentally translate" particles? Translate to what? – senshin May 4 '15 at 0:46
  • @senshin I mean translate to something you understand, to mentally identify what the person is talking about. – Colbi May 4 '15 at 1:06
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    For me as a fluent nonnative speaker, none of this ever goes through my mind. I simply hear a sentence and understand the meaning, and the intermediate steps are so instantaneous that I have no conscious awareness of the process. – Sjiveru May 4 '15 at 1:49
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    @Colbi Think about a language you're a native speaker of. Can you describe how you translate a sequence of words into meaning? For a native speaker, it just happens. (This is part of why natural language processing is an area of major research - if we could just introspect our own understanding of language and describe how we convert words to meaning, NLP sure would be easy!) – senshin May 4 '15 at 16:28

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