Probably a silly question, but in this sentence:


What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". Shouldn't it say 十日だと (with the だ added)?

Thanks for the answers.


This sentence says "(I) will be fired in no more than 10 days." (time)と待たずに is a common set phrase which literally means "without waiting for (time)".

This と is not "if" nor "then". The role of と here corresponds to the sixth entry of デジタル大辞泉's definition.

6 (数量を表す語に付き、打消しの表現を伴って)その範囲以上には出ない意を表す。…までも。「全部で一〇〇円―かからない」「一〇〇キロ―走らなかった」

  • Great answer, thank you very much. Where did you find the fact that "(time)と待たずに" is a common set phrase? Google doesn't seem to be helping and none of the online dictionaries I've tried come up with any useful info. – awgaya Apr 28 '15 at 19:21
  • 1
    Ah, I thought it's common without looking at anything, but BCCWJ Corpus returned only 2 results which were exactly the same. A similar phrase とかからず returned 8 results. Another common way is to use も instead of と (10日も待たずに). – naruto Apr 29 '15 at 2:42

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