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I was listening to a playlist of songs today and I heard the line

「…目を開け弱さをかき消すんだ」

What exactly is 〜んだ and when/how is it used?

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「んだ」 is a colloquial pronunciation of 「のだ」.

In this context, 「んだ」, together with the preceding verb, expresses a firm request or even a demand or imperative.

"Open up your eyes and get rid of your weakness!"

We do not use 「んだ」 this way on a daily basis; At least many of do not. It is most often used by the teacher or leader types who need to give advice and cheer people on.

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