One of my coworkers todays said something like:
"Today I have too many 割り込みタスク so I cannot pay too much attention to this project"
Literally translating it into "interrupting tasks" sounds rather vague, so how would a 割り込みタスク be defined?
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I'm not sure how common it is in general business Japanese, but
割り込みタスク isn't that out of place among lifehackers. It roughly means "unexpected work created by external factors".
Here are a few articles that use the word...
In lifehacking jargon, "interruptions" seems to be the corresponding term, though not exactly interchangeable (to be exact, interruptions = 割り込み, tasks created by interruptions = 割り込みタスク):
The point is, when you say 割り込みタスクが多い, the tasks themselves are interruptions to your coworker's planned work schedule, and that interruption has already happened. I think that's a more natural interpretation/transcription than "割り込むタスクが多い" (tasks keep interrupting me).
I think you misheard
interrupting task is a technical term used in computer science: wikipedia. Although it is a technical term, its meaning does not differ much from what you can imagine if it were an ordinary phrase. I think your coworker has some knowledge about computers, and used it metaphorically. Other than as a technical term, the phrase
割り込みタスク would be too odd to be used.