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Someone asked me something without including the subject. I don't know what they were referring to, so how would you go about asking for the subject of what they are talking about, or just generally asking what they are talking about?

  • 1
    I suggest asking here – ssb Jan 26 '15 at 4:41
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Japanese's particle system comes in handy here.

何【なに】が(ですか)? (for asking the subject)

何【なに】を(ですか)? (for asking the object)

Exchanges like this can be difficult to translate into English...

Or for instance:

(「あれ」って)何【なん】のこと?(ですか?・かよく分かりません)

2

You can use "何の話?", "何のこと?", "何の話ですか?", or "何のことですか?"

  • A:「すごかったよ!」 B: 「え? 何の話?」 (casual)
  • A:「明日までにやってください。」 B: 「すみません、何のことですか?」 (politer)
  • (jumping into a conversation)「ねえねえ、何の話?」

何 here can be read as either なん or なに, but the latter sound politer.

Note that using "言う" in this situation can sound accusatory.

  • 何を言っているの? ≒Are you kidding? What are you talking about?
  • 何を言っているのか分かりません。 ≒What nonsense you are talking!
  • You have to infer the harshness (based on tone) for the last one. It can be far softer than that translation. – kiss-o-matic Jan 26 '15 at 13:27
  • @kiss-o-matic Yes, it can. It's also used when the speaker is simply confused, without a nuance of accusation. Thank you for pointing it out. – naruto Jan 26 '15 at 14:27
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This really depends on situation and the people you are talking to.

Usually a semi-polite 何についての話ですか? (About/Referring to what are you talking about) would work for most situations.

There are more formal and less formal ways of saying it though depending on what social position the other person is though.

Less formal would be 何の話ですか?

More would be 何についてのお話でしょうか?

This is in no way an exhaustive list and the context of the situation generally denotes the way you are expected to ask.

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