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I love learning kanji, so I thought about taking the kanken (probably level 6). So I started to look for information here and there, and it seems I'll have to learn radical names.

I'm totally fine with that, but my problem is: which name to learn ? Let's take 乙 for example: should I learn 乙部{おつぶ}, or simply 乙{おつ}. But in that case, I found quite a lot of other names: おつにょう (well, I suppose this one is only if the radical is used as a nyou part of a kanji), つりばり (this one seems to be for the 乚 variant) or れ (seems to be for 乚 again) ? Or again for 丨: should I learn 丨部{こんぶ}, ぼう or たてぼう?

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    You might want to look into getting a kanken book that lists every kanji for that level and its raidcal/radical name as it would appear on the test. When choosing the radical names, though, you pick from a list, so it's a lot easier. – ssb Jan 25 '15 at 23:12
  • I also recommend going through a kanken book, if all you've studied from so far is "日本語 for foreigners" (e.g., JLPT-type stuff). I went through a couple of them at some point, and I felt that they covered a much more thorough usage of kanji than 日本語 for foreigner books. (E.g. you need to know a lot more vocabulary/熟語, and there's a lot more 漢字使い分け.) – Kimball Jan 26 '15 at 15:18
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Last I checked, Kanken doesn't test on the names of any radicals, just knowledge of which element of a particular kanji is the radical. The names are just for your own memorization. Call them whatever you want, though knowing a few of the common ones can be useful for talking with Japanese people about particular kanji.

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I am sorry I am not sure what you are actually asking for. Take only and concentrate on the 乙, it is a metrical? or order system originally derived from Chinese. - 十干(じっかん)は、甲・乙・丙・丁・戊・己・庚・辛・壬・癸の10の要素の順列 -

Source : http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8D%81%E5%B9%B2

I personally think you do not have to go deep into 乙部, which is the system of putting words in order according to 部首, I think you will go too deep down and will have no merit.

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