3

In 合格できる N3 (page 28), I found the following exercise:

海外{がいかい}旅行{りょこう}で、習{なら}った英語{えいご}が(   )ときは、とてもうれしかった。

1.通{とお}した    2.詰{つ}めた    3.抜{ぬ}けた    4.通{つう}じた

I have to fill in with the correct word.

My problems:

1.even though I know the meaning of every word from the main sentence, I just can't linked them together in order to make sense to me. So I can't come up with a clear meaning for the phrase I have to complete. Even so, looking at the given option I eliminated 2 and 3 and now I'm stuck with 1 and 4.

2.I don't know the meaning of 通{とお}した and 通{つう}じた. I mean I looked in more than a dictionary for definitions and I've searched for sentences where they are used (jisho, tatoeba...), but I don't get how one of these words can fit in this phrase.

Can you please explain me the mechanics behind this phrase and how/when to use 通{とお}した and 通{つう}じた?

Thank you.

2

To use the dictionary, you need to de-inflect them. Both are given in past tense in the problem but you need them in the present "dictionary"-form to look them up:

[通]{とお}した is the past tense of [通]{とお}す

[通]{つう}じた is the past tense of [通]{つう}じる

通す -> to persist, to make way for

通じる -> best definition = to convey or communicate

Given these definitions, the clear winner is to convey one's meaning.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.