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明治【めいじ】時代【じだい】における学校【がっこう】教育【きょういく】について

Please help understand the use of ~における. Is it a form of において?

Why wouldn't it be a past form then?

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における can be thought of as a prefix version of において. While you can say for example △においては, this usually means something like "about △", における can be used when you want to focus on a particular aspect of your subject matter. In this case your subject matter is the Meiji era, and you are focusing on its school education. You can also translate における as "pertaining to". I would translate your phrase, depending on the continuation, as

About the school education of/during the Meiji era...

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  • So,における is a separate grammatical construct by itself;and bears no relationship to において.
    – IUnknown
    Oct 28 '14 at 2:33
  • @IUnknown They have a historical relationship (they both come from 置く).
    – user1478
    Oct 28 '14 at 3:59

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