How do you write 縮めて in IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)?

2 Answers 2


It's pronounced [[c̟ɕiʑimete]], although in careful speech it would probably be [[c̟ɕiɟʑimete]]―there's no contrast between [[ʑi]] and [[ɟʑi]] in Modern Japanese, so the word will be understood either way.

For the pronunciation of ち and ぢ, see section 4.3 "Affricates" in Vance's The Sounds of Japanese (2008), starting on page 82. Most of this section is available online at Google Books.

  • You use [c]. Does this mean that the chart on Wikipedia is incomplete/incorrect?
    – Earthliŋ
    Oct 12, 2014 at 23:02
  • 1
    @Earthliŋ It's a lamino-alveopalatal stop, which doesn't have its own IPA symbol but is between [[c]] and [[t]]. To be precise, you can either write [[c̟]] indicating an advanced place of articulation, or [[t̠]] indicating a retracted place of articulation. See Vance p.82.
    – user1478
    Oct 12, 2014 at 23:06

Writing IPA for Japanese is really quite simple in most cases.

Look up IPA for Japanese and use the sounds there to write your word.


The is a tone drop, although here on Japanese.SE we have a fantastic way of writing pitch for かな: ちぢめて【LHHH】. (Correct pitch due to @非回答者.)


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