How do you write 縮めて in IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)?


It's pronounced [[c̟ɕiʑimete]], although in careful speech it would probably be [[c̟ɕiɟʑimete]]―there's no contrast between [[ʑi]] and [[ɟʑi]] in Modern Japanese, so the word will be understood either way.

For the pronunciation of ち and ぢ, see section 4.3 "Affricates" in Vance's The Sounds of Japanese (2008), starting on page 82. Most of this section is available online at Google Books.

  • You use [c]. Does this mean that the chart on Wikipedia is incomplete/incorrect?
    – Earthliŋ
    Oct 12 '14 at 23:02
  • 1
    @Earthliŋ It's a lamino-alveopalatal stop, which doesn't have its own IPA symbol but is between [[c]] and [[t]]. To be precise, you can either write [[c̟]] indicating an advanced place of articulation, or [[t̠]] indicating a retracted place of articulation. See Vance p.82.
    – user1478
    Oct 12 '14 at 23:06

Writing IPA for Japanese is really quite simple in most cases.

Look up IPA for Japanese and use the sounds there to write your word.


The is a tone drop, although here on Japanese.SE we have a fantastic way of writing pitch for かな: ちぢめて【LHHH】. (Correct pitch due to @非回答者.)


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.