What is the significance of sometimes using the stem form of a verb like how the て form would be? For example:

燃えゆく (from HANABI)
飲みほして (from Ambiguous)

It's something I hear now and again, but never understood what its grammatical roots are.

  • 3
    Can you please give examples in the body of the question and not in the title? It will be easier to read. Also, maybe explain in more details.
    – Szymon
    Jul 18, 2014 at 4:00
  • 4
    What are "HANABI" and "Ambiguous"? Are they even relevant to the question?
    – istrasci
    Jul 18, 2014 at 15:25

1 Answer 1


[飲]{の}み[干]{ほ}す, [燃]{も}えゆく are compound verbs(複合動詞): 飲む + 干す >> 飲み干す, 燃える + 行く >> 燃えゆく

例: 死にゆく、食べ続ける、話し終える、飛び立つ、言い出す... ← continuative form(連用形) verb + verb

Compare: 燃えてゆく(燃えていく) is made of the verb 燃える + the subsidiary verb(補助動詞) ゆく/いく(行く).

例: 死んでいく、食べてもらう、話してくれる、飛んでくる、言ってしまう... ← te-form verb + subsidiary verb

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