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Is it like 平安 is used mainly when talking about the 平安時代 or in terms of historical peace?

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    What do you mean by "historical peace"?
    – Earthliŋ
    Jun 1 '14 at 17:24
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In the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese, we can see the following trend

平安 1644 results, with more particular results being

  • 平安時代 668
  • 平安京 194
  • 平安末 55
  • 平安後期 40
  • 平安朝 85
  • 平安神宮 28
  • 平安初期 36
  • 平安貴族 35
  • 平安宮 9
  • 平安期 16
  • 平安文化 6
  • 平安中期 33

In other words, 平安 seems to be primarily used as a reference to the Heian period.

It can be used to mean "calm" (as opposed to "peaceful" 平和), but for this purpose 平穏 is more common:

平穏 500 results (already more than for 平安, after subtracting the specific list above)

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