In cases such as [第二次全世界戦争]{だいにじぜんせかいせんそう} or [第二次]{だいにじ}スーパーロボット[大戦]{たいせん}, is [次]{じ} effectively just acting the way a number followed by st/nd/rd/th would in English?


Yes, it is and and it is always preceded by both a 「[第]{だい}」 and a number.

In my own words, 「第N[次]{じ}」 is used to describe the ordinality of an unpredictable event of the same kind like a war or a boom.

We use 「第N[回]{かい}」 to describe the ordinality of a planned event of the same kind, such as an annual event.

  • 1
    二次会 does not have . Is that due to its somewhat informality? Also, for planned events, what about compared to like 第10周年記念日 or something? – istrasci Mar 17 '14 at 22:21
  • @istrasci Thinking about your question there a bit more, my guess would be that 周年 functions in a similar manner to "annual" in English (e.g. "10th annual spelling bee") – Kaji Jun 1 '14 at 8:31

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.