I have the following translation for class.


So far, I have the following.

This year also
rain is little
water has become insufficient and
it might be a problem.

I have a few questions.

  1. Why is there that も on 今年? Is it just signifying that the absence of rain is "also" like other years?
  2. I am confused by the 雨が少なく. I am not sure how to relate it to Tucson. "As for Tucson, the rain is little"? Also, I would expect a て at the end (少なくて). But is it somehow an adverb instead of て form?

1 Answer 1

  1. The drought in Arizona has been going on for about fifteen years. So it's "this year too".

  2. The 連用形{れんようけい} ("continuative form") of a verb or adjective can be used like a conjunction without adding て. For an adjective, that is the 〜く form, and for a verb, it's the stem you add 〜ます to.

    Here you have the 連用形 of an adjective, not an adverb. It acts like a conjunction, joining two predicates together. You can think of it like 少ない, except that the sentence continues with something like an "and".

    We have some questions already where people talk about this usage:

    But if you wait, perhaps someone will write another answer talking about it.

  • Thanks for the links, they helped to explain. Did you have a suggestions for relating the "rain is little" to Tucson? Commented Feb 5, 2014 at 2:36
  • There isn't much rain in Tucson right now. The drought is going to continue, and they don't have a lot of water stored up, so this may be a problem.
    – user1478
    Commented Feb 5, 2014 at 2:38
  • My teacher likes us to stick to exact translation. So I'll go with "This year also, Tucson has little rain and water has become insufficient so it might be problematic". Thanks. Commented Feb 5, 2014 at 2:48
  • Oh, that comment wasn't intended as a translation, more of an explanation :-)
    – user1478
    Commented Feb 5, 2014 at 3:04

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