6

こんにちは 皆さん、

I want to use first, second, etc. in a sentence, i.e. say "first car, first love, etc". In this case, would using の be correct as the linking particle, e.g. いちばんの車、 いちばんの愛?

ありがとう ございます!

5

For ordinals, the general construction is ~[目]{め} -- in this case, not meaning eye but rather *-th

as in [一番目]{いちばんめ} = 1st

as in [二番目]{にばんめ} = 2nd

etc.

but in the case of first love, [初恋]{はつこい} and the use of 初 with the pronunciation はつ is common for several of these types of firsts.


More generally for the first instance of something you can use [初]{はじ}めての

e.g.
初めての愛 = first love
初めての車 = first car
初めての英語レッスン = first English lesson

if you use this pattern, then the second is [二]{ふた}つ[目]{め}. Third is [三]{みっ}つ[目]{め}

  • 2
    「初めての」の次は「二回目、三回目」や「二度目、三度目」では? – user1016 Jan 18 '14 at 17:51
  • Be aware the particle 'の' can change to 'に' in a sentence like 「日本で二番目に大きい町はおおさかです。」"In japan the second largest city is Osaka." – Max Feb 13 at 5:40

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