I never really thought about it before; but, I'm having a hard time explaining the difference concisely, and when to use which.

What are the differences in nuances between あくまで and あくまでも? When is the use of あくまで preferable to あくまでも, and vice versa?

  • 1
    "The final mo sometimes drops, but the meaning or nuance does not change." - A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar. The difference seems to be one of style or emphatic nature. But perhaps some native speaker could elaborate.
    – blutorange
    Aug 19, 2013 at 6:28
  • I can accept this if it is so, yet I'm suspicious, because in other constructs, the -mo changes meaning. "Itsu made" means "until when", but "itsumademo" means "forever". The "-demo/-temo" ending indicates "even if/no matter what/who/to what extent/...": compare dare (who), daremo (nobody), daredemo (anybody/everybody/no matter who). And on verbs: "Kare wa okane attemo, oshare o shinai yo". (Even if he had money, he still wouldn't be a sharp dresser.)
    – Kaz
    Aug 21, 2013 at 20:32
  • 4
    One says you're a demon, one says even if you're a demon B-)
    – ssb
    Aug 21, 2013 at 23:29
  • @ssb nice puns :) "ba-dum ching" ;)
    – execjosh
    Feb 20, 2014 at 23:51

1 Answer 1


The just adds emphasis. As you probably know, the あく in あくまで is the word 飽く. This is an "old"/literary version of the word 飽きる meaning "get tired of", "be fed up with", "have enough of", almost always with a negative connotation. So 飽くまで would be "until one gets tired of" or "until you've had enough of" -- or "to the end/last", "persistently", "stubbornly" as most dictionaries have it defined. So adding would just make it "even to the end" -- emphasis.

  • あくまで抵抗する → Resist (it) to the end
  • あくまでも抵抗する → Resist (it) to the very end

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