Thank you for the so useful site you have. I'm studying by my self and I have found answer to a lot of questions I had. I'm using Nihongo somatome to try N3 and there is a sentence with の that I don't catch very well: 私は少し苦みのあるコーヒーが好きです。 In fact, is a sentence you have to sort properly, and my answer was: 私は少し苦みあるコーヒーのが好きです。 Why after の there is ある?I thought that always it would follow a particle... Thank you in advance!


1 Answer 1


Your question isn't entirely clear to me, but I'll try to break down the sentence for you:

I-TOP [[a little bitterness-OBJ have] coffee]-OBJ like-COP.
'I like coffee which has a little bitterness.' (Literal)
'I like slightly bitter coffee.'

The の in 苦みのある is actually a が which has undergone GA-NO conversion, which is possible since it's a relative clause.

There is no need for a の after ある because verbs can directly modify nouns.

There is no need for a の before が because [少し苦みのある]コーヒー is a noun already.

  • 1
    I see... Now I understand it! I hadn't thought about a missed が... Sorry for the way I wrote my question but English is not my mother tongue, so sometimes I make mistakes. Thank you for so quickly and clear answer!
    – Sandra
    Commented Aug 18, 2013 at 21:59

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