My textbook contains the following sentence

(Regardless of whether you participate or not, kindly make sure to RSVP by postcard.)

as an example of the expression 名詞+にかかわらず. While I get the whole sentence and the にかかわらず, I'm having trouble understanding this usage of しない. I know しない

  • as the ない形 of する
  • as in 市内 (within the city)
  • as in 竹刀 (bamboo sword)

but none of these three seem to make sense, and the first one isn't even a 名詞.

Could someone please explain しない in this context and the general pattern of how/when to use it?



It's the negative of する、しない. The point missing in the textbook is that this pattern is either 'noun + にかかわらず' or 'verb + opposite verb + にかかわらず', e.g.

  • するしないにかかわらず
  • 来る来ないにかかわらず
  • etc.

See also Is "V Vないにかかわらず" grammatical? and http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/JLPT_Guide/JLPT_N2_Grammar (search for "にかかわらず").


This しない is simply the negative of する; "don't do". The 参加するしない part of the sentence means, regardless (~にかかわらず) of if you participate (参加する) or if you don't participate (参加しない).

With this form for "regardless of" (~にかかわらず; also could be ~を問わず), if often takes contrasting or "opposite" ideas. So the 参加するしない is a compact way to list the two choices of participating or not. I think it would also be grammatically correct to say 参加するかしないかにかからわず, but I'm not 100% certain on that.

  • Thanks, but I'm still confused why this is given explicitly to illustrate 'noun + にかかわらず'. How can a verbform be a noun?
    – Tobias
    May 18 '13 at 18:19
  • Clearly it's not limited to nouns. I can only say that sometimes textbooks do things like that, that make you scratch your head.
    – istrasci
    May 18 '13 at 18:27

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.