In Yukio Mishima's "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion," (三島由紀夫によって書かれた「金閣寺」) one of the characters, Kashiwagi, writes a sentence over a poster:


Here is the passage:

それは日本アルプスを描いた旅行協会の美しい石版刷で、青空に浮かんだ白い山頂に、 「未知の世界へ、あなたを招く!」という活字が横書きになっていた。柏木は毒々しい朱筆で、その字と山頂を斜め十文字に抹消し、さてかたわらには、内反足の歩行を思わせる彼の踊るような自筆が、「未知の人生とは我慢がならぬ」と書きなぐっていた。

In the English translation the sentence is written as,

I can't stand an unknown life.

Do you think this is the best translation? Would the following be more accurate in meaning?

I won't put up with an unknown life.

I guess my suggestion may be more faithful in meaning, but on second thought, perhaps the tone of the sentence is more faithfully translated in the book's attempt. Looking at the ならぬ, I think I remember the ~ぬ negation being literary in tone, which is not really reflected in the translation (but that might be asking too much.) Is this correct? What do you think about the translation?

I have some other specific questions:

In English the phrase, "an unknown life," is odd because it is ambiguous in meaning and can be interpreted in so many ways. It can mean "the life of an unknown person" ie, living an anonymous life. Or it can mean "a life about which nothing is known-- a life that we cannot understand."

Is the meaning open to this much interpretation in the japanese phrase, "未知の人生"?

Does the phrase, "未知の人生" sounds odd in japanese?

  • Also, I have not finished the book, but would anyone care to extrapolate on the meaning? If the poster slogan beckons the audience to a journey of discovery, perhaps he is affirming his desire for control over his own world, i.e.; to hell with discovery, I only am interested in dealing with what I can control and command. (sorry for straying from the language)
    – yadokari
    Mar 23, 2013 at 6:05
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    Probably completely unrelated but it to me it sounds a lot like Socrates' famous quote, "The unexamined life is not worth living."
    – ssb
    Mar 23, 2013 at 12:49
  • @ssb, good point. However, the character who pens the line is extremely cynical so it's hard to read his intention.
    – yadokari
    Mar 23, 2013 at 15:58
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    Is this a question for which there is an objective answer, or are you asking for discussion and opinions?
    – user1478
    Mar 23, 2013 at 17:03
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    I think that giving a translation with a good reason for why it is a good translation would constitute a good answer, even if there is no objective answer to "which translation is better?". Having 2.5 answers per question seems to be the goal on area51, so I presume we need more questions like this one. (If we want to conform to area51 standards, that is.)
    – Earthliŋ
    Mar 24, 2013 at 12:30

1 Answer 1


FWIW, I would prefer the original translation. When you say "I won't put up", there's a hint of your going to do something about it. When you say "I can't stand", there's no such intent of actions, and that is consistent with the original Japanese version.

"未知の人生" is indeed ambigious as you say, even in Japanese. But in this case, there's "未知の世界" that appears immediately before this, which means "the world you haven't seen" in this context. So one would assume both "未知の" have the same meaning.

  • Thank you, I think that answers my query. If you read the book, do you have an opinion on Kashiwagi's intended meaning? My friend said he was a stand-in for Mishima.
    – yadokari
    Mar 30, 2013 at 1:36

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