Title basically says it all. I think meanings are very close. Are they interchangeable? Are they appropriate for different contexts or situations? Can one be applied to animate objects and other can't? So far I can't figure out when to use one over the other. Thank you.
Looking at the kanji, one says "all" and the other "all parts". In that sense one can distinguish them philosophically as 全て meaning "everything" (universally) and 全部 "all" (part by part).
Everything is your fault.
The person is blamed for everything (every single thing) they did. Whereas,
sounds like everything he did, is doing, and will do would be his fault, by default.
Universal statements, like
He who owes, is in all the wrong.